Spider veins are tiny blood vessels near the skin’s surface that occur on the face or legs. Spider veins are caused by hormonal changes, pregnancy, hereditary factors, sun damage and rosacea. If the veins are located on the face, then laser treatment is recommended. If the undesired veins are found on the legs, then sclerotherapy is a better treatment option.
Lasers and light-based treatments are the best solution for small facial veins. The light energy is absorbed by the red blood cells in the unwanted vessel. The heat generated breaks up the capillaries and your body absorbs them. It can take one to two weeks for the vessel to be completely absorbed. During that time, your skin may have a dark red or bruised appearance where the treated was performed.
Sclerotherapy is a non-surgical method of removing spider veins from the legs. It involves injecting a sclerosing agent into the undesired vessel with a very fine needle. The sclerosing agent irritates the vein and causes it to collapse. Two to four treatments are typically necessary and scheduled every six weeks. Redness, swelling and bruising are to be expected. Compression stockings are worn for the first 24 hours and then daily for one week after the treatment. Activity is restricted during that first recovery week, then may be resumed.